King George - the flag versus the Constitution


4 comments posted
minor quibble

Nice piece. However, the Pledge of Allegiance was not developed for veterans of the Civil War. It was written and published in 1892 by Francis Bellamy with attribution for the ideas given to his brother, Edward, a writer and a socialist. Originally, it was written to coincide with a flag ceremony celebrating Columbus Day. More can be read on the subject here:

It is true that the Civil War and it's impact was much in Bellamy's mind, but it is not true, as you suggest, that this was written to get the Red States to "...enounce their allegiance to the Confederacy and to come back into the Union by forswearing other flags..."

B.D.'s picture
Posted by B.D. (not verified) on 24 June 2005 - 9:50am
My point

The pledge was formalized then, but its roots go back and language is built upon swearing allegiance and this was demanded by the Union.

cf. "Outlaw Josey Wales."



Interesting addition about the Confederacy in Wikipedia the Confederate States Motto was Deo Vindice "under God the vindicator," the North has E pluribus Unum meaning "out of many, one."

I stand by my statement in the broad sense of the mentality of the era that could produce such pledges.

Matsu's picture
Posted by Matsu on 24 June 2005 - 10:01am
"Bill of Rights" of the Confederacy

"Bill of Rights" of the Confederacy These are contained in Section IX of the Constitution of the Confederate States of America. There are interesting similarities to the Constitution of 1789 with 11 - 20 paralleling the 10 Amendments of the US Bill of Rights.

Section IX.

1. The importation of negroes of the African race from any foreign country other than the slaveholding States or Territories of the United States of America, is hereby forbidden; and Congress is required to pass such laws as shall effectually prevent the same.

2. Congress shall also have power to prohibit the introduction of slaves from any State not a member of, or Territory not belonging to, this Confederacy.

3. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.

4. No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law denying or impairing the right of property in negro slaves shall be passed.

5. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to be taken.

6. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any State, except by a vote of two-thirds of both Houses.

7. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one State over those of another.

8. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to time.

9. Congress shall appropriate no money from the Treasury except by a vote of two-thirds of both Houses, taken by yeas and nays, unless it be asked and estimated for by some one of the heads of departments and submitted to Congress by the President; or for the purpose of paying its own expenses and contingencies; or for the payment of claims against the Confederate States, the justice of which shall have been judicially declared by a tribunal for the investigation of claims against the Government, which it is hereby made the duty of Congress to establish.

10. All bills appropriating money shall specify in Federal currency the exact amount of each appropriation and the purposes for which it is made; and Congress shall grant no extra compensation to any public contractor, officer, agent, or servant, after such contract shall have been made or such service rendered.

11. No title of nobility shall be granted by the Confederate States; and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state.

12. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

13. A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.

14. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

15. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.

16. No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor be compelled, in any criminal case, to be a witness against himself; nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

17. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor; and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

18. In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved; and no fact so tried by a jury shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the Confederacy, than according to the rules of common law.

19. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

20. Every law, or resolution having the force of law, shall relate to but one subject, and that shall be expressed in the title.

Matsu's picture
Posted by Matsu on 24 June 2005 - 11:17am
Not just a pledge, an Amendment!
Amendment XIV, Section 3 (1868): No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any state, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any state legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any state, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

When it came to Congress, the representatives of the former Confederacy had to prove their allegiance, not just pledge it, and it had to be accepted by 2/3 of each house Congress!

Now "they" control the Government, and demand retribution and equal humiliation. No, the blue voters didn't rebel. We just disagreed. But that's all it takes for them to accuse us of rebellion.

media girl's picture
Posted by media girl on 24 June 2005 - 10:12am